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Effective Hemorrhoid Relief: Expert Tips for Treatment and Prevention | Pharmarun

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are a common yet often misunderstood condition affecting millions worldwide. Characterized by swollen veins in the lower rectum and anus, they cause a range of symptoms from mild discomfort to significant pain, affecting day to day activities. 


Ectopic Pregnancy: Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment

What is Ectopic Pregnancy?

Ectopic pregnancy happens when a baby starts growing in the wrong place. Normally, a baby grows in a special part of a woman's belly called the uterus. But in ectopic pregnancy, the baby grows in a place it shouldn't, like in one of the tubes that connect the uterus to the ovaries. This can be very dangerous.

Sometimes, people call it by different names like "extrauterine pregnancy" or "ectopic gestation." These names all mean the same thing - the baby is not in the right place.

Signs and Symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy

When someone has an ectopic pregnancy, there are some common symptoms they might feel or notice:

  1. Vaginal Bleeding: They might see blood coming out from where they usually do during their period.
  1. Pelvic Pain or Discomfort: They might have pain or feel uncomfortable low down in their belly.
  1. Shoulder or Neck Pain: Sometimes, the pain from an ectopic pregnancy can even reach their shoulder or neck.
  1. Dizziness and Fainting: Feeling really dizzy or fainting can also happen. 

Signs of Ectopic Pregnancy at 4 Weeks: At this early stage, someone might not even know they're pregnant. But if they have pain and bleeding, they should get checked.

Ectopic Pregnancy Causes

Factors Leading to Ectopic Pregnancy

  1. Damaged Fallopian Tubes: If a woman has damaged or scarred fallopian tubes, it can make it difficult for the fertilized egg to travel to the uterus, leading to an ectopic pregnancy.
  1. Infections: Certain infections can harm the fallopian tubes, making it more likely for an ectopic pregnancy to happen.
  1. Previous Surgeries: If someone has had surgery on their pelvis or fallopian tubes in the past, it can increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy.

How Ectopic Pregnancy Forms

Normally, when an egg and sperm meet, they combine to form a fertilized egg. This fertilized egg then travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus, where it implants and grows into a baby.

But in ectopic pregnancy, something goes wrong. Instead of reaching the uterus, the fertilized egg gets stuck in the fallopian tube or another place outside the uterus. This can happen for various reasons, including the factors mentioned above.

Types of Ectopic Pregnancy

There are different types of ectopic pregnancy, depending on where the fertilized egg ends up:

  1. Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy: This is the most common type, where the fertilized egg gets stuck in the fallopian tube.
  1. Ovarian Ectopic Pregnancy: In this case, the fertilized egg attaches to the ovary.
  1. Abdominal Ectopic Pregnancy: Rarely, the fertilized egg can implant in the abdomen, outside of the reproductive organs.

How Ectopic Pregnancy is Diagnosed

Doctors use several methods to find out if someone has an ectopic pregnancy. These methods include:

  1. Ultrasound: This is like an imaging test that lets the doctor see inside the belly. It helps them check where the baby is growing. If it's not in the uterus, that's a sign of ectopic pregnancy.
  1. Blood Tests: Doctors can also take a sample of blood to check for a hormone called hCG. In a normal pregnancy, hCG levels rise over time. If they're not going up as they should, it can be a sign of ectopic pregnancy.
  1. Physical Examinations: A physical exam can also be conducted. They'll ask about symptoms like pain and bleeding, and they'll check for any signs that might suggest an ectopic pregnancy.

Ectopic Pregnancy Treatment Options

There are two main ways to treat ectopic pregnancy:

  1. Medical Approach: In some cases, doctors can use medicines to stop the pregnancy from growing further. This is usually an option when the ectopic pregnancy is detected early, and it hasn't ruptured the fallopian tube.

The usual medicine to treat ectopic pregnancy is called methotrexate. This medicine makes the cells stop growing, which stops the pregnancy. Afterward, the body takes about 4 to 6 weeks to absorb the pregnancy.

  1. Surgical Approach: Surgery is often needed if the ectopic pregnancy has already caused damage or if it's at a high risk of rupturing. Surgery involves removing the fertilized egg from the fallopian tube or the affected area.

Ectopic Pregnancy Surgery

If surgery is necessary, there are different procedures depending on the situation:

  1. Ruptured Ectopic Pregnancy: If the ectopic pregnancy has already burst the fallopian tube, emergency surgery is needed to stop internal bleeding and remove the pregnancy.
  1. Tubal Pregnancy Surgery: This surgery focuses on removing the ectopic pregnancy from the fallopian tube. It's done to prevent further damage and ensure the woman's safety.

After surgery, there is a recovery period. Some women may experience mild discomfort, but this usually gets better in a few days. 

Heterotopic Pregnancy

Heterotopic pregnancy is quite rare but important to know about. It happens when there are two pregnancies at the same time: one inside the uterus, where it's supposed to be, and another one outside, usually in the fallopian tube.

This can be confusing and concerning because one pregnancy is normal, while the other is not. 


If you or someone you are familiar with shows signs of ectopic pregnancy, it's important to promptly reach out for medical assistance. Pharmarun is a health technology company dedicated to ensuring that healthcare is available to everyone, no matter where they are. 

There are many advantages to using Pharmarun, such as the ability to chat with a pharmacist for free anytime, schedule a consultation with a doctor, or arrange for a lab test, all from the convenience of your own home. Click here to get started with Pharmarun.

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